Antimicrobial Stewardship and Prescription of Antibiotics in Healthcare Centers

Antimicrobial Stewardship and Prescription of Antibiotics in Healthcare Centers

Authors

  • Hussain Mehmood
  • Muhammad Awais
  • Amber Arshad
  • Ammad Waheed Khan
  • Saadia Rafique
  • Tabinda Dugal
  • Saira Afzal

Keywords:

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), prescription, systematic review, antibiotics.

Abstract

Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is expanding rapidly worldwide. According to recent global projections, the number of fatalities will reach 4.95 million in 2019, making AMR a greater health concern than HIV or malaria alone. Aim and Purpose: Primarily, this review is intended to understand and evaluate the global problem discussed in biomedical literature. This review seeks to synthesize the available research on antimicrobial stewardship and antibiotic prescribing. Methodology: This study considers previous studies published between 2015 and 2022 and searches PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar for publications that may be relevant to the topic. Some of the search phrases used include "antimicrobial resistance," "antimicrobial stewardship," "monitoring and evaluation," "one health," and "global health." In this study, an analysis of research articles was conducted concerning antimicrobial stewardship as well as antibiotic resistance. Findings: The previous studies have established some policies for limited resources, to improve antibiotic use and Implementation of ASPs. The studies have also highlighted the problems in the forms of inappropriate prescription and excessive antimicrobial prescribing. In addition, the researchers have proposed for a few ways to enhance antibiotic resistance and prescriptions. These strategies include basics to Resistance, the necessity to undertake frequent HCW training in antimicrobial prescription, government-oriented optimization of the infrastructure, and financial incentives. Conclusions: The results show that ASPs have the ability to help patients use antibiotics much less, especially drugs in the WHO Watch group that have a high chance of becoming resistant. It seems sense that ASPs will aid in reducing the risk of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), given misuse and excessive use of antibiotics are two of these main causes of AMR.

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Published

2023-07-24 — Updated on 2023-09-13

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How to Cite

Mehmood, H., Awais, M., Arshad, A., Khan, A. W., Rafique, S., Dugal, T., & Afzal, S. (2023). Antimicrobial Stewardship and Prescription of Antibiotics in Healthcare Centers. Journal of Society of Prevention, Advocacy and Research KEMU, 2(3), 191–202. Retrieved from https://journalofspark.com/journal/index.php/JSpark/article/view/225 (Original work published July 24, 2023)

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Section

Research Articles

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