Diabesity: Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus Type II in Overweight and Obese Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study in Mayo Hospital, Lahore
Keywords:Diabesity; obese; overweight; awareness; prevalence; prevention.
Introduction: The term ‘Diabesity’ refers to the association between diabetes and obesity. While it has been a serious epidemic in the past, it has never received the attention that it deserved. Currently, there is growing anxiety among the public regarding the increasing incidence of diabetes among people of different age groups. Worldwide, the prevalence of Diabetes has increased significantly, rising from 4.7% to 8.5% since 1980. The health impact of diabetes is attributable to a reduction in quality of life and long-term complications such as heart failure, renal failure, blindness, depression, and sleep disorders. This is an emerging threat during an era of technology and reduced human mobility.
Objective: This study has been designed to observe the prevalence of diabetes among obese and overweight people, as it is considered one of the leading causes of diabetes. It also studies the distribution of diabetes in both genders and different age groups.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was performed in which a questionnaire was filled by 89 overweight and obese patients at Mayo Hospital, Lahore to get an estimate of how many of them had diabetes. The data gathered was analyzed by SPSS version-26.
Results: According to the results, 89.9% of people who were overweight or obese were diabetics too. Only 10.1% were without diabetes. Among them, 79.8% of people had classical diabetic symptoms. 28.1% of patients in our sample were striving to reduce weight while 70.8% of people had never tried to reduce their weight. 44.9% of study participants were males and 55.1% were females.
Conclusion: This is a step taken to inform people about the negative aspects of increased weight on their health. The best steps we can take to prevent diabetes are dietary measures, regular exercise, walking, and proper guidance. This illness has reached unprecedented levels, indicating the need for early diagnosis and preventive measures, otherwise, it will remain a very serious challenge for human beings in the upcoming years.